1051月號 道 法 法 訊 (285)

DEEP & FAR

 

 

通往國際貿易委員會(ITC)橋梁的戰爭:
授權投資作為非專利實施實體(NPE)建立國內產業的手段

 

黃郁靜 專利工程師

•陽明大學物理治療系

•陽明大學生物藥學所

 

 

A. 100天的要求

In a likely response to the perceived increase in NPE activity and the resulting clamor for action from the intellectual property community, the Commission noticed upon institution, in a recent investigation, that the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) was to access the economic prong of the domestic industry requirement within 100 days.在對於NPE活動中感知增加的可能反應,以及從知識產權界採取行動所導致的叫囂,委員會注意到,在最近的調查中,行政法官(ALJ)是在自立案日起100天內評估本地產業要件的經濟面向。The complainant in the investigation (337-TA-874, Certain Products Having Laminated Packaging, Laminated Packaging, and Components Thereof) is relaying on licensing investments to satisfy the domestic industry requirement.調查中的原告(337-TA-874,具有疊層包裝的某些產品、疊層包裝及其組件)依賴授權投資來滿足本地產業要求。A finding that a domestic industry does not exist would, of course, effectively terminate the investigation.一發現本地產業不存在,當然會,有效地終止調查。In fact, the ALJ issued an initial determination that the complainant has failed to establish a domestic industry.事實上,行政法官發布原告未能建立本地產業的初步裁定。A 100-day requirement increase the pressure on bath the NPE and the respondent.100天的要求增加NPE和被告的壓力。雖有更少的時間協商談判,The NPE must quickly formulate its argument for establishing a domestic industry while having less time to negotiate a settlement.NPE必需快速地制定它對於建立一個本地產業的論點。For the respondent, immediately starting the process of gathering evidence to rebut the complainant's contentions is of the first order.對於被告,立即開始收集證據來反駁原告的論點的過程是最優先。In June 2013, the ITC announced a new pilot program under which matters with potentially dispositive issue will be subject to a 100-day deadline for an early ruling on the issue in question.20136月,ITC宣布了一項新的前導計畫,在此計畫下,具有潛在決定性問題的事項將受100天期限的規定,以對爭點問題作出及早裁決。The program will be used to evaluate whether a formal rule change should be proposed.該計畫將被用來評估正式法規變更是否應當提出。The impact of this pilot program remains to be seen.這個先導計畫的影響仍有待觀察。

 

B.B. The strategic Role of an Economic Expert一個經濟專家的策略角色

The extent to which an NPE can establish a domestic industry based solely on licensing investments has become a contentious issue.NPE可以單獨基於授權投資來建立本地產業的程度,已經成為一個有爭議的問題。Therefore, seasoned intellectual property counsel as well as an economic expert knowledgeable about and experienced in ITC investigations can prove invaluable.因此,知識淵博的智慧財產權顧問以及對ITC調查熟知及經驗豐富之經濟專家,可以證明是非常寶貴的。就Well-defined theories and export opinions on the nuances of the “domestic industry” requirement can prove fruitful to both complainant and respondent.本地產業要求的細微差別定義良好的理論和專家觀點可以證明對原告及被告都卓有成效。Economic experts can analyze the record evidence to access whether a relevant nexus exists between the asserted patent and licensing investments occurring in the United States and can opine on whether those activities meet the threshold of substantiality.經濟專家可以分析記錄的證據來評估在美國發生的系爭專利和授權投資之間是否存在相關連結,並可以表述那些活動是否符合實質性的門檻。

 

VI.VI Conclusion結論

    流氓(Troll)Trolls.NPEs.NPEFor a few years, these entities have captured the attention of the intellectual property community.有幾年,這些實體已經獲得了智慧財產權界的關注。However, awareness of these entities has now spread, as evidenced by President Barack Obama's June 2013 executive orders and suggested legislative proposals and the recent proposal of a FTC probe.然而,對這些實體的認識現在已經蔓延,如歐巴馬總統20136月的行政命令及提出的立法建議、以及FTC探測的最近建議所證實。Moving forward, NPEs will continue to try to construct a bridge to the ITC by relaying on licensing investments, while respondents will continue to attempt to thwart such efforts.展望未來,NPEs將繼續嘗試藉由依賴授權投資建構通往ITC的橋樑,而被告將繼續嘗試阻止這種努力。Both sides will need well-reversed counsel and economic experts.雙方都需要熟習的律師和經濟專家。In the end, only time will tell if NPEs will continue to find safe harbor at the ITC under a bridge built solely on licensing activities.最後,只有時間才能告訴我們,在單靠授權活動搭起的一座橋樑下,NPEs是否將繼續在ITC尋找避風港。Meanwhile, the battle for that bridge will continue.同時,爭奪那座橋梁的戰爭將持續。