Deep & Far Newsletter 2023 ©
Dec (2)

The Greater China IP Updates V December 2023

By Lyndon 


China Ranks First for Science and Technology Clusters

The Global Innovation Index (GII), an annual innovation report published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), reveals that all five top science and technology clusters are in Asia with three in China.  When the rankings extend to the top 100, China has the most clusters.  Assistant Director General of WIPO Marco Aleman said that creating world-class clusters were amongst the most daunting aspect of building emerging innovation ecosystems and related innovation policies.  In addition, he praised China for its strong innovation ecosystem.  WIPO bases its ranking system on its analysis of patent-filing activity and scientific article publication amongst other factors.  The science and technology clusters are one element in the larger GII, which exhibits innovation performance of economies and takes the pulse of the most recent trends in global innovation.  Tokyo-Yokohama leads as the largest global S & T cluster, followed by Shenzhen-Hong Kong-Guangzhou. Seoul is in third place, Beijing in fourth and Shanghai-Suzhou in fifth.  The rise in rankings has been due to a combination of sources such as government departments, enterprises, universities and research facilities working together to create a well-oiled system aimed at producing an efficient innovation eco-system.


China Partners with Belt and Road Countries to Increase Patents

In 2021, a total of 3,982 innovation entities from Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) countries applied for patents in China, 654 more than in 2013, when the initiative was launched by the government, according to a report issued by the China National Intellectual Property (CNIPA) in October.  The report drew the conclusion that due to the deepening and expansion of the initiative, BRI countries have become more positive about China’s IP protection environment.  It was stated that patent applications were submitted in China from 115 BRI countries in the past 10 years.  Most came from South Korea, followed by Italy, Singapore, Austria and Luxembourg.  To date, the accumulative amount of applications from BRI countries in China reached 253,000 and the majority were invention and design patents, covering technologies such as semiconductors, computer technology and digital communications.  As China saw more patent applications originating from BRI countries, its market entities have also gone global to expand their businesses amid strengthened IP cooperation.  The report also showed that the number of patents applied for and published by Chinese enterprises in other BRI nations increased to 15,000 in 2022 from 2,000 in 2013, representing an annual growth rate of 25.8%.  Of the Chinese applicants, most were from Guangdong province, followed by the Yangtze River Delta region and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.  As China has become an important contributor to global innovation in green and low-carbon technologies in recent years, its patent applications in this regard in BRI countries have also seen a rise according to the report.  From 2013 to 2022, more than 3,500 invention patent applications related to low-carbon technologies were made by Chinese entities in BRI countries, an annual increase of 16.7%.